René Descartes (March 31, 1596 – February 11, 1650) was a French philosopher, mathematician, and scientist. Born in the Kingdom of France, he spent about 20 years of his life in the Dutch Republic. He was one of the most famous people of the Dutch Golden Age and is considered to be one of the founders of modern philosophy. In fact, the Cartesian coordinate system is named for him. He is the father of analytical geometry, the bridge between algebra and geometry. He is a key figure of the Scientific Revolution.
Vincent van Gogh (March 30, 1853 – July 29, 1890) was a Dutch post-impressionist painter. He is one of the most famous and influential painters in the history of Western art. He worked for little more than a decade and produced about 2,100 works of art, about 860 of which were oil paintings. Most of his works was produced in the last two years of his life. He suffered from psychotic episodes and was hospitalized for this. He died at the age of 37 from a self-inflicted gunshot wound.
Pearl Bailey (March 29, 1918 – August 17, 1991) was an American actress and singer. She began her career on the vaudeville circuit and made her Broadway debut in 1946. She won a Tony Award for the title role in an all black production of Hello Dolly! She also won a Daytime Emmy award in 1986. She also was awarded the Bronze Medallion in 1968, the highest award given to a civilian by New York City.
Photo By TheRichic – Spanish Royal Crown 1.jpg, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=53452337
Lady Gaga (March 28, 1986) is an American singer, songwriter, and actress. Born Stefani Joanne Angelina Germanotta, she is known for unconventional and/or provocative work. She learned to play the piano at age four and began performing as a teenager and released her debut album in 2007. She launched the Born This Way Foundation in 2012, a non-profit that focuses on youth empowerment. She is also noted for her support of the LGBTQ community.
Heinrich Mann (March 27, 1871 – March 11, 1950) was a German novelist. He wrote novels concerned with social themes and his satirization of Imperial German society in Der Untertan garnered him praise from the Wermar Republic. He continued to write in this vein until 1930. At that time, he took over President of the fine poetry division of the Prussian Academy of the Arts. His criticism of fascism made it imperative that he flee the country by 1933.
Larry Page (March 26, 1973) is an American computer scientist and Internet entrepreneur best known as being one of the co-founders of Google. He and Sergey Brin founded the search engine in 1998. Page was CEO of that company until 2001 when he took over as CEO of Alphabet Inc., a position he retired from on December 3, 2019. He is the ninth richest person in the world (October 2019) with a net work of $55.8 billion.
Arturo Toscanini (March 25, 1867 – January 16, 1957) was an Italian conductor. He was one of the most acclaimed musicians of his time. He was a perfectionist with an ear for the details of the pieces played before him. He was director of music at La Scala, the Metropolitan Opera, and the New York Philharmonic during his lifetime. He was first music director of the NBC Symphony Orchestra from 1937 to 1954. He took a brief foray into politics, but found music was his true calling.