Erich Fromm (March 23, 1900 – March 18, 1980) was German/American social psychologist. He was born in Frankfurt in the German Empire and had to flee his country as Jewish persecution rose under Hitler. He settled in the US. The publication of his first major work in 1941, Escape from Freedom, laid the groundwork for his lifelong exploration into the workings of the human mind and the resulting behavioral effects. He was one of the founders of The William Alanson White Institute of Psychiatry, Psychoanalysis and Psychology in New York City.